A Gradual Disentangling: Part I

Church and State Relations in Massachusetts 1750–1833

Meister Käßner
10 min readJul 12, 2023

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Gilbert Stuart portrait of John Adams Donated to Creative Commons by the National Gallery of Arts.

In a much-quoted letter to Hezekiah Niles John Adams claimed, “the [American] Revolution was effected before the War commenced. The Revolution was in the minds and hearts of the people. . ..” Usually historians end the quotation here, thereby substantially altering Adams’s meaning. The rest of the paragraph, however…

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Meister Käßner

I have been reflecting and writing about the stories, people, and places Northwest of Boston for thirty-five years. I also teach history and manage forest land.